What You'll Learn
- What can parents do ahead of time to help kids with selective mutism be comfortable going back to school?
- What should teachers know about how to help kids with selective mutism?
- How can you help make sure bathroom and other basic needs are met for a child who isn’t able to speak to the teacher?
If your child has selective mutism, it’s important to give them as much support as you can before they go back to school. Exposure to the school and the staff before other children are there can help them feel more comfortable. Ask the school if they will let you visit the classroom before school starts so your child can become familiar with it.
Try to meet with the teacher ahead of time. Don’t expect your child to talk to the teacher during this meeting, but let the teacher talk to them. If your child is joining any new activities, show up a little early so they can get comfortable talking in the new environment.
Not a lot of teachers have heard of selective mutism, so giving your child’s new teacher some basic information is helpful. You can also give some tips on how they can help your child get comfortable talking in the classroom:
· Wait 5 seconds so they have enough time to respond.
· Give specific praise, like “Great job telling us you brought lunch!”
· Ask questions that require a full verbal response, not just “yes” or “no.”
· Practice repeating what the child is saying.
· Do a play-by-play recap of what the child is doing.
You can also make a quick video of your child talking to show the new teacher what they are capable of.
If your child isn’t ready to ask to use the bathroom, work out a plan in advance, such as hand signals. Or work out an agreement that they can leave for the bathroom when needed.
Stay in regular communication with your child’s teacher so you can discuss your child’s progress. And make sure they know they can reach to you with any questions. Working together is a great way to support your child.
If you have a youngster with selective mutism, it’s important to give them as much support as you can as they encounter a new teacher, in an unfamiliar classroom. Here are some steps you can take to help kids with SM get off to a good start.
Ease kids into new situations
- The classroom: Check to see if the school will let you visit their new classroom before school starts. This is a great opportunity to help them become familiar with the new classroom before anyone else is around. Have a conversation there so that they start building successful speaking experiences inside the classroom.
- The teacher: Try to meet with the teacher ahead of time so that your child gets the chance to interact with them one-on-one. Don’t expect your child to talk to the teacher during this first interaction. Let the meeting be low pressure—maybe the teacher can introduce themselves and give a tour of the classroom. If your child is up to it, maybe you can ask them a question that you know they definitely know the answer to. You can practice letting them answer those questions at home before hand.
- Extracurriculars: If your child is joining any new activities, ease into those, too. For example, showing up a little early to baseball practice can help your child get comfortable talking on the diamond before everyone else is there. Sharing information about SM with coaches and other adults who will be working with your child is also a good idea.
Tips for teachers on helping kids talk
A lot of teachers won’t have heard of selective mutism, so it is a good idea to give your child’s new teacher some basic information about what it is. Along with a description of SM, you can also give them these tips on how they can help your child get comfortable talking in the classroom.
- Wait 5 seconds: We often don’t give kids enough time to respond. Waiting five seconds without repeating the question or letting other students answer for a child is a good rule of thumb. It also helps kids learn to tolerate their anxiety.
- Use labeled praise: Instead of just saying “Great job!” be specific: “Great job telling us you brought lunch!” This way kids know exactly what they’re being praised for, and they feel motivated to keep doing it.
- Ask questions that prompt verbal response. Instead of asking questions that can be answered with a yes or no—or, more often, nodding or shaking their head—ask a question that is more likely to prompt a verbal response. Try giving kids choices (“Would you like a puppy sticker or a star sticker?”) or asking more open-ended questions (“What should we play next?”).
- Practice echoing: Repeat or paraphrase what the child is saying. This is reinforcing and lets them know that they’ve been heard and understood. For kids who speak very quietly, repeating what they say also helps them participate in class.
- Be a sportscaster: Do a play-by-play recap of what the child is doing: “You’re drawing a flower” or “I see you’re pointing to the picture in the book.” This helps convey interest in what the child is doing and is a good technique to connect even when they are being nonverbal.
Make a video
Making a quick home video of your child talking is a great way to introduce them to her new teacher and show what she’s capable of. Plus, seeing how chatty and confident they are at home often increases a teacher’s buy-in to look for ways to increase their talking in the classroom.
If possible, let your child show their video to the teacher themselves. This is one way for them to start communicating with the teacher and think of themselves as a speaking person at school.
Arrange Plan Bs
For a child who isn’t ready to ask to use the bathroom, work out a plan in advance.
If they can use hand signals, work with the teacher ahead of time to arrange a signal they can use when she needs to go to the bathroom. If they’re not able to use signals, maybe for now there can be an understanding that they are allowed to go to the bathroom when they need to without asking permission. Make sure that they know where the bathroom is ahead of time, too.
Plan for regular check-ins with teacher
Make sure that your child’s teacher knows that you want to have an ongoing conversation about their progress. The teacher should feel free to contact you if they have questions, and you can tackle problem solving together. If your child is working with a treatment provider for SM, you can also put this person in touch with the teacher or the school as needed.
If your child has a 504 or IEP plan for accommodations, make sure that you know who is involved and how to reach them if you need to. To learn more about getting accommodations, contact the special education department at your school.