Teachers Guide to ADHD in the Classroom
Commonly Used Medications for ADHD
Many children with ADHD are prescribed stimulant medication to help reduce their symptoms. There are two main classes of stimulant ADHD medications:
- Methylphenidate-based medications: Ritalin, Methylin, Concerta, Metadate, Daytrana Patch, Ritalin LA
- Dextroamphetamine-based medications: Adderall, Vyvanse, Dexedrine, Focalin
There are also many different release formulas for stimulant medications, which make them effective for different periods of time:
- Immediate-release formulas are effective for about four to six hours.
- Extended-release formulas last as long as nine to twelve hours.
Children taking immediate-release formulas are often given medication in the middle of the school day by a school nurse. The goal is to maintain an effective dose during the school day but have the ADHD medication out of the child’s system by bedtime, to facilitate sleep.