Gender Dysphoria: Risk Factors

Though there is debate over what might cause gender incongruence, the causes of distress involved in gender dysphoria are largely sociological: in a society that still views transgenderism as outside of the norm, it is understandable that children and adolescents may experience significant distress as the result not only of struggling to make sense of their own gender identity, but of being stigmatized, ostracized and bullied.