RAD: Diagnosis

To be diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder a child must have a pattern of inhibited or withdrawn behavior towards caregivers, characterized by rarely or minimally turning to caregivers for comfort when distressed or responding to comfort when offered. The child must have experienced neglect or abuse in which the child’s early caregivers failed to meet his physical or emotional needs, or repeated changes in caregivers that severely limited opportunities for the child to form selective attachments.

To be diagnosed with RAD. the child must not meet the criteria for autism spectrum disorder, and must be between 9 months and 5 years old.