- Trouble sleeping
- Regular crying spells
- School refusal
- Isolation from family and friends
Talk therapy is extremely effective in treating adjustment disorder. A therapist might encourage the child to express emotions in a supportive setting, or use cognitive behavioral therapy to help him learn to control his reaction to the stressful event he has experienced, and learn healthier ways of dealing with future stressful situations. Treatment is usually short-term, though occasionally it might take months.
A doctor may prescribe low doses of an antidepressant medication if a child is acutely anxious or depressed or has suicidal thoughts. In most cases medication treatment, too, is short-lived.