Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment

Treatment for BPD can include psychotherapy, medications and hospitalization. The gold standard treatment for BPD, with the strongest evidence base, is a form of psychotherapy called dialectical behavior therapy, or DBT. DBT is a specialized form of cognitive behavior therapy that involves validating the powerful negative feelings of the patient with BPD, and teaching her skills to manage them in healthier ways. There is no medication that treats BPD itself, but antidepressants, antipsychotics and anti-anxiety drugs may prove helpful in treating co-occurring symptoms such as depression, impulsiveness or anxiety. Hospitalization may be required for more intense treatment of adolescents or young adults who are at risk of self-injury or suicidal behaviors.